"Education is the most potent weapon you can employ to change the world," Nelson Mandela correctly stated. Education is critical in the development of a person's whole personality. The right to education is a basic right in India, as protected by the Indian Constitution. The state is required by Article 21 A of the Indian Constitution to provide free and compulsory education to all children aged six to fourteen years. The Hon’ble Supreme Court of India, in the case of Mohini Jain and Unnikrishnan V/s State of Andhra Pradesh, declared that “Right to education is the quintessence of the right to life under Article 21 and straightforwardly flowing and interwoven with it, and life living with Only when education plays a substantial role can dignity be assured." To realise the objective of universal education, the Indian government has proposed numerous educational policies on several times.
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UNESCO and Education for everyone
Many international organisations, such as UNESCO, UNICEF, the Association for Childhood Education International, and others, aim to ensure that all people have access to education. The Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization of the United Nations (UNESCO) is the main body that promotes education and helps underprivileged pupils.
UNESCO has created a global initiative called "Education For All" with the goal of providing free education to all needy adolescents and adults by 2015. It was centred on a holistic and humanistic view of value training programmes all throughout the world It had four main objectives:
The promotion of early childhood care and education is the first goal. Its goal is to raise educational standards.
Goal 2: By 2015, establish gender parity and equality.
Goal 3: Ensure universal primary education, with a focus on girls, ethnic minorities, and children from low-income families.
Goal 4: Ensure that kids and adults have equal access to life skills and fundamental talents.
They are still working on several other goals for improving the status of marginalised people through quality education, in addition to the above-mentioned aims.
India's Education Policies
The Indian government has always attempted to carry out its constitutional obligation of providing education to all citizens. Education is included in Schedule 7 of the Constitution's concurrent list, which means it affects both state and federal governments
The central government has the authority to develop educational policy to ensure that all citizens receive a high-quality education. The Indian government created the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 to improve the country's current educational system. It resulted in a number of key school and college reforms. The following are some of the implications for Indian education:-
It seeks to reach a gross enrolment ratio of 100 percent in school education by 2030.
The Higher Education Commission of India, a new governing body for higher education, will be constituted. It will aim to reform and modernise India's educational system.
By the year 2040, the new education policy aspires to make all higher education institutions multifunctional. This means that students can enrol in any course that interests them and is dependent on abilities.
A student with a bachelor's degree will have a variety of exit possibilities. After one year of study, students will receive a degree from a college. This, however, only applies to diplomas, not degree programmes.
The schooling age will now be 3 instead of 6. This will assist students in finishing their study early and avoiding wasting a year.
Mahila Samakhya Programme (Mahila Samakhya) is a programme
This government-sponsored program's principal goal was to empower women via education. The following are the key goals:
Women's self-esteem and confidence are being improved.
Creating a positive image of women by recognising their dedication to the general public, country, and economy;
Developing the ability to think critically.
Samagra 2.0 Shiksha Abhiyan
It is a government-sponsored programme that aims to improve the quality of life in the country Students in grades 1 to 12 are developing holistically. Its goal is to provide all students with an inclusive, equitable, and inexpensive education. Students are given financial aid so that they can complete their basic education without difficulty. Around 1.16 million schools are covered by the programme. This is regarded as one of the government's most effective programmes for providing education to the greatest number of students.
How Can We Ensure That Everyone Has Access to Education?
The goal of universal education can be realised in a variety of ways. But, in order to achieve this goal, citizens and private players must work together. The government alone will not be able to accomplish this in a timely manner. The following are some of the most effective suggestions: -
System of education improvement
Our educational system must meet international norms. Our educational system is currently more theory-oriented than skill- or job-oriented.
Increasing the amount of money allocated to education
According to the Global Monitoring Report 2015, countries must devote 15-20 percent of their national resources to education. This year, we have a budget allocation of 63449 crores for education.
Encourage the use of distance learning
Many pupils have been found to be unable to obtain a quality education due to a lack of resources to study in a school or institution. Distance learning courses are not only cost-efficient, but also effective, as they are recognised by a number of national and international organisations.
Bring in even more. Policies in Education
Finally, the government should implement a variety of educational programmes to help students succeed the country's educational dispensation system
Without a doubt, education is a fundamental right guaranteed by our Constitution. The only way to attain universal education is for the government to devote more cash to the education sector. It is common knowledge that education is essential for a person's success in life. Education improves a person's ability to think critically. On a national and international level, several government and non-governmental programmes are attempting to eradicate illiteracy and encourage education at various levels. It is also critical for governments to research foreign educational policy in order to increase educational standards.