One of the most honourable professions till date is being a teacher. A teacher doesn't just impart knowledge but shape an individual and have a profound effect on their life. Even with the introduction of various other jobs, the internet and the evolving education setting, the significance of a teacher is not diminished.
There's a myth that being a teacher is easy. It's one of the most challenging roles to fulfil. To become a teacher and a part of the education system in India, the individual must earn a B. Ed degree. No school will hire a teacher without the degree.
This blog explores all the important aspects of a B. Ed degree, like what exactly is the degree, its eligibility criteria, and procedure for obtaining the degree, syllabus, benefits and prospects.
What is a B. Ed degree?
B. Ed or Bachelor of Education is an undergraduate degree taken up by those individuals interested in pursuing a career in teaching. It is a compulsory degree required for a person wishing to teach at the secondary level, which is from classes 6 to 10 and higher secondary level, which is from class 11 to 12.
What are the B. Ed degree eligibility criteria?
There are certain criteria that need to be fulfilled before the course is pursued. The B. Ed degree course spans over two years. You can apply for this degree once you have completed:
· An undergraduate or postgraduate degree in the relevant field
· A minimum of 50% score in the qualifying exam is a must
· A minimum of 55% score in the qualifying postgraduate and B. Tech exams is a must
· The degree obtained must be from a recognized institution
What are the procedures for obtaining the B. Ed degree?
The admission can be merit-based or entrance based. For the admission process, there exists an entrance examination. It is offered by various institutions in different states. The general months for conduction of the examination are during May and June. All the standard protocols and other procedures related to the Indian education system are maintained by The National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE).
Firstly, the examinees have to fill out an online application form. Then they are subjected to a test that comprises of General English, Aptitude Test, General Knowledge, Logical and Analytical Reasoning.
After a certain duration, the test results are announced, and the counselling rounds begin. Only those students who have cleared the B. Ed entrance examination will be eligible for counselling. Counselling includes selecting the college, getting the required documents verified and paying the course fee. Counselling is followed by the allotment of seats to the students. The concerned authorities allot the seat and issue a confirmed admission letter.
What is the basic B. Ed course syllabus?
· Basics in Education
· Teacher Sensibilities
· Guidance and Counselling I
· Language Proficiency
· Socialization and Identity I
· Subject Expert I (your specialization)
· School Management
· Computer Education
· Child Psychology
· Teaching Methodology
· Peace Education
· Guidance and Counselling II
· Understanding Teacher Learning Situation
· Socialization and Identity II
· Subject Expert II (your specialization)
· Environmental Studies
· Teacher Training Internship
· Co-curricular Activities
What are the benefits of having a B. Ed. degree?
· It has no age limit. Any person can apply with the minimum age requirement of 21 years.
· B. Ed is not the end. You can continue moving ahead in your career with further tests like Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET), Teacher Eligibility Test (TET) and CSIR-UGC/NTA National Eligibility Test (NET)
· The course can be flexible in terms of its mode of learning. You can complete the course as a full-time, distance learning, or correspondence course.
· During the counselling process, you can select your mode of learning
· During the course, you experience being a teacher in real-time. This is done by subjecting you to conducting real classes in a real school setting. Thus, this hands-on experience makes the students become ready for teaching life which is easier said than done.
· This also helps the potential teachers learn, explore and exercise various teaching strategies and tactics and build a rapport with students (the real-time teaching is most likely to make its way during the third semester of the course)
· During the course, teachers in training also have to complete many projects and tasks according to their subject choice (these projects can relate to the subject as a whole or specifically to the teaching methodology)
What are the prospects of having a B. Ed. degree?
India has a very large population, and education is a basic right of human beings. India has a large number of schools to fulfil this basic need, making it a great opportunity for people genuinely interested in teaching. There is nothing more rewarding than imparting knowledge to people. There is no age limit when it comes to learning, and neither is there any age limit to teaching. Teaching is a privilege to anyone who wants to add value and service to the country’s development.
B. Ed is a mandatory degree for individuals wishing to pursue teaching as their career (beginning with school). Through this degree, individuals are trained about the various teaching aspects and teaching strategies and increase their knowledge in their specialization. The teacher in training is equipped with the required tools and tactics of teaching methodologies to become an effective and successful educator.
The progression of the individual's career as a teacher depends on the type of training they received and their choice of institution post the course is complete. A big factor that affects their payment is their counselling session experience. Another significant part that plays a role in determining their future is the place of employment. A teacher in a government setting has job security. But a teacher in the private sector, although subjected to many perks and privileges, lacks job security. Every aspect has pros and cons, and hence, choosing how to move forward in a career after the degree is completed is left up to the trained individual.
Times can change. Offline can shift to online, but the significance of a teacher will remain. A teacher impacts a student drastically. Teaching is not just a job but is a sense of empowerment and satisfaction. It is a way of giving back to society by enlightening the young minds and shaping the generation. To become a teacher in a school setting, a B.Ed degree completion is the first step.